The book addresses one of the most urgent social problems in many countries, the uncertain school-to-work transitions of young people. As a result, a ‘transition machinery’ has been created, consisting of various education and training measures realised by e.g. teachers and youth workers.
The volume demonstrates that discourses related to youth transitions do not simply describe young adults but create them. For example, young people are expected to be active citizens who make themselves attractive to employers, and those who fail in doing so may be labelled having psychological deficiencies. When failing transitions, resulting in lack of higher education or unemployment, are treated as individual’s problems rather than rising from structural factors, the solutions are likewise individualized. The book thus underlines the importance of analysing power relations reflected by gender, health, social class, and ethnicity.
The articles of the book combine perspectives from young people, policymakers, teachers, and youth workers in Iceland, Finland, Sweden, and England.
The editors of the book are Kristiina Brunila, professor of social justice and equality in education at University of Helsinki, and Lisbeth Lundahl, professor of educational work at Umeå University.
"In a time of an increasingly segregated school system and a growing precariat on the labour market, there is an urgent need to understand the political and cultural mechanisms that are feeding an unjust political system. Youth on the Move: Tendencies and Tensions in Youth Policies and Practices is an inevitable book for researchers, policymakers and practitioners engaging in equal future possibilities for young people. It takes on the problem not by providing simple solutions on complex problems, but through revealing how good intentions to make young people employable are, in fact, locking them up in segregating norms. Beautifully, the different chapters of the book move between concrete examples, theoretical challenges and political insights. It helps the reader to understand how historically rooted understandings of ‘youth at risk’ and ‘education as the solution of social problems’ take different shapes in the current political landscape – but also how we can resist getting stuck in norms of who is seen as competent, vulnerable, healthy, employable, and/or educable. Youth on the Move helps us to ask necessary critical questions regarding how society (does not) facilitate young people’s transition into labour market and adulthood. I warmly recommend the volume."
- Malin Ideland, Professor in Educational Science, Malmö University.
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Summary: ”Kirja purkaa auki vakuuttavasti transitioiden jännitteisyyttä yksilötasolla sekä koulutustasolta toiselle että koulutuksesta työelämään samalla, kun se kiinnittää arvokkaalla tavalla huomion rakenteisiin, instituutioiden toimintatapoihin sekä toimenpiteiden ja käytäntöpolitiikan tasoihin.” (pp. 418–419)
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Summary: Teoksen eittämätön ansio on kuitenkin sen halussa rakentaa siltoja eri tutkimusperinteiden välille. Näkökulmien yhdistämisen tavoite on problematisoida itsestään selvänä pidettyä ja osoittaa, miten yhteiskunnassa kyseenalaistamaton asioiden tila tuotetaan. Näin tehdessään kirja on Michel Foucault’n termein nykyisyyden ontologiaa, eli erittelee, millainen on oma ajankohtamme ja siellä mahdollisten kokemusten alue.
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Summary: The collection of individual studies is both well-motivated and well researched. The articles shed light on and problematise discrepancies and tensions between positively framed educational and unemployment programme intentions and policies, and the lived reality of youth in different study contexts. The various studies all display an in-depth knowledge and intriguing choice of material focusing on the emerging societal and market trust in policy and strategies. The overarching and highly motivated aim is to challenge and change the characteristic field of education, work and unemployment –wherein most young people’s lives are taking place today.
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Summary: Overall, Youth on the Move: Tendencies and Tensions in Youth Policies and Practices constitutes an important work on how young people’s transitions from school to work and higher education currently play out, mainly in the Nordic welfare countries but with an outlook to Iceland and the UK. It is shown how young people themselves understand these transitions, discourses and practices, along with their impact on their identity and future aspirations. Furthermore, it is convincingly shown how policies, educational programmes and other institutionalized framework constitute powerful discourses that shape how young people learn about themselves and understand their identity while navigating transitions. The book covers a variety of educational systems from different countries. All the chapters are well positioned in their respective fields. They provide thorough analysis of young people’s transitions and the specific education systems and policies and provide a pamphlet of interesting perspectives and important findings.
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Brunila K. & Lundahl L. (eds.) 2020. Youth on the Move: Tendencies and Tensions in Youth Policies and Practices. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33134/HUP-3
This is an Open Access book distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (unless stated otherwise), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright is retained by the author(s).
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Published on Feb. 3, 2020